Dr. Gould, born in Boston, was the first American to obtain a
Ph.D in Astronomy from Germany (Göttingen). His commitment
to professionalize American astronomy included the founding and
editing of The Astronomical Journal beginning in 1849.
While now celebrated primarily for his enormous accomplishment
of mapping thity-two thousand stars of the Southern Heavens, Gould
also made the first determinations of the trans-Atlantic latitudes
by telegraph; organized meteorological stations from the tropics
to Tierra del Fuego and from the Andes to the Atlantic; pioneered
in the use of the camera as an instrument of precision; and was
one of the founders of the National Academy of Sciences.