professor of mathematics, astronomy, and natural philosophy at
Harvard from 1833 until his death, Peirce also served as superintendent
of the United States Coast survey, for which he created a general
map of the United States.
He authored many articles and eleven books, thereby centering
Americas mathematics and astronomical research at Harvard
University. He also played a role regarding national foundations
and organizations by helping to organize the Smithsonian Institution
and incorporating the National Academy of Science.
His son, Charles Sanders Peirce, initiated the American philosophy
known as pragmatism.